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IRAN Travel Guide

FARSI/PERSIAN ALPHABET

Modern Persian is the official language of Iran. An ancient literary language, Persian was written in the Pahlavi script before the Arab conquest in the 7th century. A new form written in the Arabic script developed during the 9th and 10th centuries; this is the basis of the Modern Persian language used today. As recently as 1950 there were several distinct dialects of spoken Persian, but due to the spread of public education and broadcast media, a standard spoken form, with minor regional accents, has evolved. Important languages of minority groups that have their own publications and broadcast programs include Azeri (a Turkic language of the Altaic family), Kurdish, Arabic, and Armenian.

 

Farsi is written from right to left; Both words & numbers. Its alphabet consists of 32 letters which some of them have a similar sound. Short vowels are not written in Farsi. Each alphabet letter has two forms : Capital & Small.

BASIC WORDS & PHRASES        
  English Farsi     English Farsi
  Yes

ba’le

    I man
  No na     You (singular, familiar) to
  Thank you mot’sha’keram   /  merci     You (singular, formal) shoma
  Thank you very much khei’li mot-sha’keram     He / She ou
  Please lotfan     It oon
  Excuse me bebakh’shid     We ma
  Hello salam     You (plural) shoma
  Good bye khoda’hafez     They ishan
  See you be’omide’didar        
  Good morning sobh be’kheir     What is Your name? esme shoma chist?
  Good day rooz be’kheir     My name is … . esme man … ast.
  Good evening asr be’kheir     Nice to meet you. khosh’vagh’tam.
  Good night shab be’kheir     How are you? hal’e shoma che’tor’e?
          Good khoob
  I don’t understand man ne’mi’fahmam     Bad bad
  I don’t know Farsi man farsi balad nis’tam        
  I know English man ingilisi mi’doo’nam     Wife zan / khanoom
  Do you speak English? Shoma ingilisi mi-doo’nid?     Husband shohar
  French faransavi     spouse hamsar
  Spanish espanioli     son / boy pesar
  German almani     daughter / girl dokhtar
  Japanese japoni     mother madar
  Turkish turki     father pedar
          friend doost
  Why? chera?     sister khahar
  What? chi?     brother baradar
  Where? koja?     Mr. / Man agha
  When? kay?     Mrs. / Ms. / Lady khanoom
  How? chetor?        
             
  NUMBERS          
  English Farsi         English Farsi English Farsi
  Zero (0) sefr             one hundred (100) sad
  One (1) yek         Twenty (20) bist two hundreds (200) devist
  Two (2) dow         Thirty (30) see three hundrads (300) si-sad
  Three (3) se         Forty (40) chehel four hundreds (400) chahar-sad
  Four (4) chahar         Fifty (50) panjah five hundreds (500) pan-sad
  Five (5) panj         Sixty (60) shast six hundreds (600) shish-sad
  Six (6) shesh         Seventy (70) haftad seven hundreds (700) haft-sad
  Seven (7) haft         Eighty (80) hashtad eight hundreds (800) hasht-sad
  Eight (8) hasht         Ninety (90) navad nine hundreds (900) noh-sad
  Nine (9) noh                
              Thousand (1000) hezar Million (1,000,000) Milion

 

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