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Treasury of the National Jewels Tehrān

The incomparable "Treasury of the National Jewels" is a collection of the most expensive jewels of the world, collected over centuries.

The incomparable "Treasury of the National Jewels" is a collection of the most expensive jewels of the world, collected over centuries.

Every piece of this collection is a reflection of the tumultuous history of this great nation, and the result of the creativity and artistry of the residents of this land. Each piece recalls memories of bitter-sweet victories and defeats, of the pride and arrogance of rulers, who were powerful or weak. The value of objects in Treasury of National Jewels is not limited to their economic value, but is also a reflection of the creativity and taste of Iranian craftsmen and artists over different eras of history, and represent the artistic and cultural heritage of the vast country of Iran.

These jewels were decorations for rulers, during the past eras, and often showed the glory and extravagance of their courts, as well as their power and wealth.There is no information about the quality and quantity of the treasuries before Safavid period. It can be said that recorded history of Treasury of Jewels began with Safavid Monarchs. In short, history of the amassment of the present collection is as follows:

Before Safavid dynasty, certain jewels existed in government treasuries, but it was with Safavīd dynasty that foreign travelers ( Jean-Baptist Tavernier, Chevalier Chardin, Shirley brothers, George Mainwaring and others) began to mention these treasuries. Safavīd Monarchs, over two centuries ( 1502 to 1735 AD), started to collect rare and beautiful gems.

Safavīd Court brought fine stones to Isfahan, capital of Iran at that time, from the markets of India, Ottoman Empire and European countries like France and Italy.

This collection involved great Jewels that named:

1- Gold Decanter

2- These enameled rings are decorations for the horses tail.

3- Gold and Enamel Container

4- A Saddle Horn

5- Gold Box decorated with Diamonds

6- Qalyan

7- Golden Candlestick

7- Jar of a water pipe

8- Turquoises Cup

9- Hat of Abbas Mirza

10- Emerald Tiara

11- Pearl Brooches

12- The Emerald Snuff-Box

13- Crown used by Pahlavi

14- Darya-i-Nur Diamond

15- Nadir's Aigrette

16- Crown used by Farah

17- The Kiani Crown

18- The Globe of Jewels

19- Peacock Throne

National Museum of Iran: Iran e-Bāstān

The museum consists of two buildings. Bldg. No 1 has the entire pre-Islamic remaining works, Bldg. No.2 has post-Islamic works. This part was inaugurated at 1996 and consists of 3 floors. The first floor is the meeting and temporary exhibition hall. Works and objects of Islamic culture, Islam art in relation to objective and periodic method are collected in the second and third floors.

The objects selected for this large museum, are mostly selected out of excavation or from prominent collections. In designing this museum, instruments related to architecture of historical buildings are presented, at the same time, to explain their actual position.

 

Golestān Palace Tehrān

A list of ancient masterpieces, shown in this Museum, are: Guiveh, Pottery, Stone works, Metal works, Felt, Calico, Bride Models, Marriage Papers, Stationary, Music Instruments, Ghaveh-Khaneh (Coffee House) Models, Slipper and Stocks, Weapons, Travel Necessities, Ashura Hall, Passion-Play Accessories, Duskami (big glasses for wine), Nakhl and Korsi.

Golestān Museum is divided to seven parts:

1- Anthropology Museum

2- Diamond Building

3- Akskhāneh (House of Photography)

4- Howzkhāneh (House of Piscine)

5- Negārkhāneh (Picture-Gallery)

6- Shams-ul-Emāreh Building.

7- Marble Throne Verdana and Gushvāreh rooms

A list of ancient masterpieces, shown in this Museum, are: Guiveh, Pottery, Stone works, Metal works, Felt, Calico, Bride Models, Marriage Papers, Stationary, Music Instruments, Ghaveh-Khaneh (Coffee House) Models, Slipper and Stocks, Weapons, Travel Necessities, Ashura Hall, Passion-Play Accessories, Duskami (big glasses for wine), Nakhl and Korsi. A big library is completed this Palace and Museums. Ancient Building of this Museum, were the Palace of Kings, in Past. For some people visit Buildings is more interested than Museums.

Golestān Palace complex is all that remains of Tehran's Historical Citadel (Arg) which once glittered like a jewel. This historical Arg was built at the of Shah Tahmasb I  in  Safavid period. It was reconstructed at the time of Karim Khan Zand and was chosen as the venue of the royal court and residence at the time of Qājār Kings. Nasser ad-Dīn Shah introduced many modifications in Golestān Palace buildings during his reign. Construction started in 1865 and was completed in two years. Building was designed by Moayer-ul-Mamālek and its architect was Ostad Mohammad Ali of Kashan. Its balanced design, set off by two towers, is typical of Persian Architecture as is the multiple display of arches, tile work and Ornate windows. 

History museum Tehrān

This museum inaugurated in 1996, displays 500 works of art on the 200 years old history of Tehran; also shown cultural penetration from Western to Eastern countries, like Iran (specially in Qājār Dynasty).

In opening space, observed special image of Persian carpet (Medallion-corner) in the form of Garden. Its floor has been decorated with Aigrette (Traditional decoration of Persian carpet) image by stone.

Exhibition involves Qajar painting from painters like Kamalolmolk, Mosavarolmamalek, Sanii Homāyūn, Hussein Khatāl and the others, and also observed some dishes made in Iran, which some offered by European Kings. Here, found a picture-gallery, has got periodic programs to exhibit ancient pictures of Tehran.

Contemporary Art Museum Tehrān

The architectural style of this Museum resembles those of oriental countries and is inspired by the wind-tower of Iran. It is built in three floors and has been used as a permanent exhibition since 1977; This Museum comprises specialized library, has got about 4000 foreign books and more than 3000 Persian, in the field of architecture, painting, cinema, industry, photography…

In another part of Museum, found a book store, which Persian Artistic publication, publication of Museum, some samples of works and compilations of Persian Writer and Artist, different sorts of calendars and post cards, guidance books… are sold; also, found a restaurant, photography workshop and cinema.

This place is really permanent museum, that works of modern Artist and various Artistic European and American methods, has been also  shown

 

Ghanj Alī Khān Museum Kermān

The oldest in Kermān, this public bath-house is located within the complex of structures erected in 1631 by Ganj Alī Khān, Kermān Governor. This building is stood on the Southern site of the rectangle form complex. Upon entering it, a dim, narrow, curving aisle leads visitor to an octagonal vestibule, itself linked to the cloakroom by a similar aisle.

After some essential repair works, this bath-house was turned into a museum in 1971. Scenes of a traditional bath-house are recreated here, by means of wax statues and authentic bath utilities of old.

 

Carpet Museum Tehrān

In 1976, it was suggested that an Iranian carpet museum be founded. Therefore some of the qualified experts on carpet set off on a trip to several cities and countries to collect different kinds of valuable carpets. After a while some carpets were collected. This procedure assumed even greater importance after 1979. Now there are many valuable carpets on display in Iran Carpet Museum to preserve the cultural heritage of Iran.

Building of the museum with beautiful architecture and white ornaments, which associate it with a carpet loom, is located on a beautiful scene beside Park of Lāleh. The exhibition hall of museum covers 3400 square meters (~10200 square feet), containing two halls used to display different kinds of ‘kilims’ and handmade rugs. The ground floor hall is devoted fairs and the one upstairs to temporary exhibition of ‘kilim’ and rugs.

One of the oldest and most important carpets, available in this museum, is a carpet belonging to safavid era, called "Sangeshku". There are also seven animal carpets, "Sheikh Safi ad-Din Ardabīlī" carpet, garden carpets and Tapis Polonaise or Polish carpets, which are some of the precious carpets available in this museum.

Usually about 200 items of these carpets have been on display, being the masterpieces of Persian carpets woven at the main centers of carpet weaving like Kāshān, Kermān, Esfahān, Tabrīz, Khorāsān, Kordestān etc.

Carpet, known as Polish carpet was made in Esfahān, 17th century, to fill the order of a Polish Prince. This carpet was transferred to Poland at the time. Materials of these carpets are silk fibers, as well as natural dyes woven together with gold and silver threads. As many as 300 carpets of this kind had been identified throughout the world, so far of which seven carpets have been brought and returned to Iran.

There is an exhibition hall in museum that shows specialized films in the field of carpet weaving and designing ‘kilim’ motifs. Library of museum contains 7000 books, which are available to researchers and those interested in art. It should be mentioned that there is a collection of the most precious books, publications and pieces of research about Persian Carpet in library, which is very valuable.

In order to preserve the art of kilim and rug weaving, the museum has founded a number of classes to teach carpet weaving, design of carpet motifs and repair and darning of the damaged rug and ‘kilims’. At the end of these courses, a valid certificate is awarded to students. There is also a public repair shop that repairs people's precious carpets. This shop is founded by the demand of collectors and owners of valuable carpets.

There is a tea-shop at the corner of the building of museum, which reminds the old and traditional Iranian coffee-shops and receives the guests and people, who are interested in art and Old Iranian traditions.

Marv-Dasht, Persepolis Museum

Once the main building of "Xerxes Harem", Persepolis Museum is one of the country's oldest structures dedicated to house a museum. It was restored to its original state in 1932 and opened as a museum in 1937.

Prehistoric, Achamenian and Islamic artifacts are exhibited here, most of which were excavated on the site of Persepolis and in the ancient city of Estakhr.

 

Sheikh Safī Museum Ardabīl

Sheikh Safī's mausoleum has a collection of impressive monuments, fine structures and artistic decorations, of which the porcelain house has been turned into a museum. The architectural style of this edifice resembles that of Āli-Qāpū Palace in Esfahān. It is an octagonal, dome-covered room, with four shāh-neshīns (elevated recesses). The stalactite works of this structure are fine specimens of the constructional and decorative devices of the Safavīd period. This museum was inaugurated in early 1991.

Wonderful IRAN

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