Qeshm is the world’s biggest non-independent island which is located in the most strategic location in the Persian Gulf; that is, at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz. The island is about 120 km long with varying width at various points. The widest part of the island is located between the town of Laft and the Long Slope. The average width of the island is about 14 kilometers. A large part of the northern coasts of the island is covered with mangrove forests over an area of 150 square kilometers. Qeshm Island has an area of 1,491 square kilometers and is thus bigger than 23 countries in the world. For example, its area is 2.5 times that of Singapore, Bahrain and San Marino; 1.5 times that of Hong Kong, 5 times that of Maldives, and 70 times that of Macao.
The Island of Qeshm covers an area of almost 1,500 square kilometers. It is the biggest Island of Persian Gulf region, being 2.5 times larger than the second biggest Island of Persian Gulf, Bahrain. The Island of Qeshm is located alongside the Strait of Hormoz. This Strait is 55 kilometers in width and is one of the most important global waterways. The Strait of Hormoz links 900 kilometers of the southern Iran waterways across the coastlines of Persian Gulf to the global high seas via the Sea of Oman. The Island of Qeshm is 120 kilometers in length, while its width varies from 10 to 35 kilometers. This Island is home to low-altitude pinnacles and rugged regions. The highest altitude in this Island is 350 meters above the sea level.
This Island maintains a humid climate, while its humidity stands at 95% in a number of months across the year. The first and most important floras of this Island are the forested regions covered with mangrove trees. These forested regions are situated northwest of this Island, covering an area of 12,000 to 15,000 hectares and creating a unique scenic landscape. These natural forested regions are within the boundaries of internationally protected regions and are the habitat of numerous species of local and migrant birds. These forested regions also provide shelter for reproduction of shrimps and other aquatic species. Anyone who visits Qeshm Free Zone should also travel to the ever-green forests of this Island, which are covered with mangrove trees. Throughout the pristine waters of the Persian Gulf, the ever-green mangrove trees astound all travelers, who come to this beautiful region.
In the year 1989, the Island of Qeshm became known as the second main Iranian port; and in the year 1990, the Customs Office of this Island, which is one of the most active commercial and industrial regions of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, became operational. In this manner, with the activation of this free port, Iran’s commercial exchanges with regional countries bolstered. In the recent years the major development projects have hugely changed the appearance of this Island.
In addition to locals, the Island of Qeshm is home to a number of immigrants which are mainly active in commercial and industrial sectors, throughout governmental offices and organizations, banks, Qeshm Free Zone Organization and other realms of the service sector.
The main language of the residents of Qeshm Island, like the other residents of southern Iran ports is Farsi. The people of Qeshm converse in Bandar Abbasi dialect. The rural residents of the Island of Qeshm are also familiar with Arabic and Hindi languages, or a number of Arabic and Hindi language terms have entered their dialect because of their journeys to sheikhdoms of southern Persian Gulf and India. In general, the local language of the Island of Qeshm is a blend of Farsi, Hindi, Arabic, and English languages.
The natural restrictions of the Island of Qeshm have limited agricultural development in this Island. Low rate of rainfall and insufficient water sources has highly restricted agricultural activities, and has promoted dry farming in this Island. Meanwhile, the Island of Qeshm has a relative capacity for animal husbandry which is currently underway in this Island in a traditional manner.
Fishing boat construction is one of the traditional industries which has been common in this Island for centuries and continues to this day. In this part of today’s article, we found it appropriate to make you familiar with the historical monuments and tourist attraction sites of this Island. Please stay with us. The pretty Island of Qeshm maintains an intact nature and historical monuments which have turned this island into one of the top tourist destinations. The remains of historical building and monuments in this Island show that Qeshm had been highly developed throughout the Sassanid era. In the recent centuries, after the expulsion of Portuguese colonialists, this Island once again started to develop. However, this development came to an end with the occupation of this Island by British colonialists.